By State Senator Jack Hill of Reidsville
WHAT DOES A $27 BILLION BUDGET BUY YOU?
Some, for whom complicated things are always very simple, often decry the size of the state budget and note "It was only $20 billion or less just a few years ago." After many years of observing government and actually writing budgets, there are a few truths that I have observed not just of state governments, but of all levels of government that spend taxpayers money.
The state as a governmental entity is somewhat different from local governments. The state of Georgia depends on the state Income tax, levied on individuals and businesses, a tax with many exemptions and credits. But, nevertheless, this is a fixed income tax and the state does not control what comes in. The other major source of tax revenue for the state is the state sales and use tax that applies only to certain purchases and again, has a number of exemptions.
Here is a list of the major tax and fee sources that fund state government:
Individual Income Tax 52% $12.7 Billion
Sales and Use Tax 27% $6.5 Billion
Fuel Tax/Fees 9% $2.1 Billion
Corporate Income Taxes 5% $1.2 Billion
Tag & Ad Valorem Taxes 2% $1.0 Billion
Other 2% $844.03 Million
SO, WHAT DOES A $27 BILLION STATE FUNDS BUDGET GIVE THE CITIZENS OF GEORGIA?
Percent of State
Funds Actual Amount
Education 54% $14.9 Billion
Pre-K 1% $378.7 Million
K-12 39% $10.7 Billion
University/Technical College 10% $2.8 Billion
for Higher Education 4% $1.0 Billion
Medicaid & PeachCare 13% $3.6 Billion
Roads & Bridges 7% $1.9 Billion
Corrections, Supervision, Pardons
And Paroles 5% $1.4 Billion
Debt Service, Restricted Uses 5% $1.37 Billion
Behavioral Health/Disabilities 4% $939.1 Million
Human Services 3% $830.6 Million
All Other Agencies (Judiciary,
Public Safety, Secretary of
State) 9% $2.5 Billion
WHAT ARE SOME OF THE CAUSES OF INCREASES IN THE BUDGET YEARLY?
Increase in Enrollment
K-12 Education FTE's 112,026
Regents FTE's 21,728
During that same period, Georgia's population was estimated to increase 831,822.
EMPLOYEES IN STATE GOVERNMENT
Positions that are filled make up the population of state employees that include those who work in state government, Board of Regents and TCSG staff, employees and faculty and includes K-12 school teachers paid by the state QBE Formula. The chart below shows the number of filled positions in 2010 and the number in 2019.
So, it is readily apparent that state government has not grown much in the number of employees. Keep in mind that the state's population grew by approximately 831,822 people from 2010 to 2018.
I may be reached at
234 State Capitol, Atlanta , GA 30334
(404) 656-5038 (phone)
(404) 657-7094 (fax)
Or Call Toll-Free at
1-800-367-3334 Day or Night
Reidsville office: (912) 557-3811